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La Semaine Dernière A Mes Yeux

(10 novembre — 17 novembre)

Selon un reportage, MIC fabricateur de voiture blindée BTR 80 vient de livrer tous les exemplaires de BTR 80 ordonné par Bangladesh. Le crédit russe a été utilisé pour l’ achat de BTR 80.

Selon un reportage, police a appréhendé 4 dirigeants du parti en exercice pour avoir violé et tué une fille à Borguna.

Le conseil sur la politique économique a donné son aval à établir un nouveau cantonnement à Lebukhali , Barisal, au bord du fleuve Payra. Il sert à sauvegarder le nouveau port. Il coûtera Tk 16,99 milliards.

Selon un reportage, Police s’est dit qu’il avait appréhendé le dirigeant du Janata Parti, Mithun Chowdhury. Son camarade Ashish Biswas a aussi été appréhendé. La section 54 de la code pénale a été appliquée pour justifier leur détention. Cela fait deux semaines qu’ils restaient disparu.

Un dirigeant d’ une agence de voyage a été tuée par balles dans son bureau. Sa femme a porté plainte dans la gendarmerie. Police soupçonne que les gens qui lui avaient demandé extorsions l’ont tué.
Luttes intestines du parti en exercice ont asphyxié les rues à Azimpur. Des fidèles ont mis le feu à trois motos.

Selon un reportage, la croix rouge a mis en garde Bangladesh sur l’arrivée de 200.000 plus de Rohingya. Ils sont près de traverser le fleuve Naaf.

Les ministres des Affaires étrangères du Japon, de l’Allemagne et de la Suède se rendront à Cox’s Bazar afin de connaître la situation désespérée dans laquelle se trouvent les Rohingyas. Le ministre des Affaires étrangères de la Chine a aussi envie de visiter Bangladesh à cet égard.

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Oriental Mediation To End The Rohingya Crisis

As time passes, it has become apparent that international criticism and pressure failed to force Tatmadaw to bring back the Rohingyas who took shelter in the camps scattered across the coastal district of Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh.

Throughout this crisis, the Tatmadaw emerges as a strong political maneuverer. As the crisis unfolded and international reactions pitched higher, it changed diplomatic parlance to suit changing tempos of criticism.

Bitter truth is that Myanmar did not only manage to dispose of nearly a million of its own citizen on Bangladesh, the military regime of the country may get away with crimes like ethnic cleansing, murder and rape.

And another truth is that this is a country with which Bangladesh have to keep good relations and ties. We cannot afford losing a friend like Myanmar.

Thorn in this vital relations appears to be its powerful military. Tatmadaw does not harbor good intentions about resolving Rohingya crisis quickly.

It vented its anger over UN security council’s discussion on the ongoing violence in Rakhine state. It threatened that it would stall negotiation on taking back the Rohingyas.

Having ensured that its demands in Rohingya crisis will not be altered in substance, the Tatmadaw now wishes to set the course of negotiation for settling down this issue.

The measures taken against the Burmese Generals will not do great harm to them and their conglomerates. Myanmar has remained a pariah state for a long time. The Tatmadaw has remained unscathed as the generals relied more on Chinese owned overseas banks in the South East Asian countries to salt away their wealth.

In the wake of less productive occidental mediation, Bangladesh should try oriental solution with bilateral negotiation at its core.
Soon international attention and media coverage of this crisis may ebb low, in this changing scenario Tatmadaw may further delay the repatriation of the Rohingyas.

Tatmadaw also makes money through amphetamine trade. It has been reported on the press that Tatmadaw hinges on methyl amphetamine ( aka ya ba) trade to swell their pockets.
Its sphere of influence is far reaching. With the widespread network of narco traders, it can shape the law and order situation of Bangladesh.

Moreover, if the crisis prolongs, Bangladesh has to deploy a significant number of security personnel to take care of the refugees and to facilitate the humanitarian operations in Cox’s Bazar. If for 800000 Rohingyas we deploy 20,000 security personnel, then there is a security personnel for every 40 Rohingyas.

Any escalation of tension and deterioration of law and order situation in the camp surrounding areas calls for additional security personnel. Clearly, Tatmadaw is calling the shots here by waging a silent demographic invasion against Bangladesh.

Moreover, it has the ability to aggravate regional peace by arming some of the wayward section of nationalist Rakhine Muslim group or terrorist outfits. We have to keep it in mind that ARSA also mounted attack on an Ansar camp in Cox’s Bazar killing an Ansar commander and plundering arms last year.

So, Bangladesh is at the mercy of Tatmadaw’s will to resolve the Rohingya crisis and there is only diplomatic and political solutions to this crisis. There is no military solution.

We should wake up to the fact that no American GI Joe, French commando or British grenadier will lay down his life for some half-naked, starved and poor Muslim ethnic group of Myanmar.

And Myanmar is perhaps the only country that may put Bangladesh into serious troubles by imposing an unilateral naval embargo.

Bangladesh should send a high powered delegation to Myanmar comprising senior Armed Forces officials and spell out how this demographic invasion jeopardizing its internal stability and economy and pushing regional peace on the brink of collapse. It should underscore that it wants friendship with all and animosity to none, as embodied in its foreign policy.

Furthermore, Bangladesh should approach China, Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore to discuss on how these countries can impose additional tariffs /levies on bank accounts owned by Tatmadaw generals in Chinese overseas banks. This tariff money may be spent on Rohingya repatriation. Bangladesh can nudge UN bodies to implement this levy.

Apart from that, international community can impose punitive levies on Myanmar-bound flights and ships to finance the relief operations in Cox’s Bazar.

It is highly likely that stalemate in negotiations may hang the fate of the Rohingyas indefinitely. In that case Bangladesh should chalk out a contingency plan. It should introduce a bill at the parliament that will help Rohingyas availing some opportunities and services. For instance, the bill may lay out terms allowing Rohingyas to open bank account , get admitted in schools and colleges, to possess tangible asset,to do business and to apply for jobs in private sector by revealing their true identities. At the same time, the bill may entrust department of passport and immigration to issue special passport bearing a special clause: ” This special passport is issued to Rohingya Muslim, lawful citizens of Myanmar, on humanitarian grounds. It does not provide a proof , nor does it endorse that s/he is a Bangladeshi citizen.”
Home ministry may also provide special identity card that will help them availing services in this country.

It will tremendously reduce their vulnerabilities and at the same time they will be insulated from other vested groups.

The message Bangladesh delegation should pass on the Tatmadaw is that no development will sustain in Rakhine state leaving behind the Rohingyas in squalid camps of Bangladesh. Tatmadaw should integrate them into Myanmar building process. Tatmadaw should respect their entitlement over properties and pass/amend laws to ensure their rights. Tatmadaw should ensure Rohingyas’ right to education, to get education, to avail medical care, to get govt jobs and to move freely. In exchange, Bangladesh is ready to guarantee, with the introduction of a bill in the parliament, Myanmar that its soil will never be used to undermine the territorial integrity of Myanmar.

In brief, Tatmadaw is not receptive to international pleas and exerts far more influence over internal matters of Bangladesh than it was previously thought. Bangladesh should put in place a contingency plan if repatriation of the Rohingyas delays. Oriental solution should be given utmost priority by approaching neighbors of Myanmar. Fate of the Rohingyas and development of Rakhine state have the same destiny.

La Semaine Dernière A Mes Yeux

( 3 novembre—10 novembre)

Selon un reportage, 163 Bangladais se sont inscrits pour «Malaysia My Second Home Programme » dans six mois de l’année actuelle. Il se peut que le nombre franchisse 300 à la fin de l’année. Au total, 3656 Bangladais ont installé en Malaisie sous MM2H programme.

Un universitaire a été tué par un coup de couteau à Badda. Il s’est insurgé contre un bureau de paris,opéré dans une kiosque de thé par des voisins, où les gens parient sur les matches de Bangladesh Premier League.

La société japonaise Honda, le géant de moto, mettra en place une usine, possédera une capacité de fabriquer 100.000 exemplaires par an, à Munshiganj. Elle entre en vigueur en 2018.

North West Power Generation Company a signé un accord avec Siemens AG pour construire une centrale au gaz à Payra. La 3600 MW centrale utilisera gaz naturel liquéfié.

Le gouvernement a fermé Lake Head Grammar School. Plusieurs de ses étudiants et enseignants ont été trouvés dans actes terroristes. D’ailleurs, le chef de groupe islamiste Hizbut Tahrir et sa femme ont fondé cette école anglaise.

Selon blog militaire «Quwa», l’ armée de l’air a exprimé désir d’acheter les avions turcs comme T129 hélicoptère, avion Hürku§ et drone Anka.

Selon un reportage, l’armée de la mer a mis en service deux patrouilleurs de lutte anti-sous-marine (ASM). Ils sont baptisé «Nishan» et «Durgom». Ils ont été construits à Khulna Shipyard, une filiale de l’armée de la mer. La construction a coûté Tk 8 milliards.

Selon un reportage, Canada a mis en garde ses ressortissants sur attentat imminent au Bangladesh. Australie en a déjà averti ses ressortissants.

Selon un reportage, une bande de gens ont attaqué les maisons de l’Hindou suite à un statuts de Facebook,présumé diffamatoire. Police s’est précipitée sur la scène et a tiré vers la foule tuant une personne.

Un prof d’université de Dacca et un éditeur d’ une maison d’édition restent disparus depuis 3 jours. Le prof travaillait dans le bureau de Premier ministre.

Let’s End This Arguzilla

A series of gruesome murders have left the country shocked. The murders took place amid deteriorating law and order situation.

In Kakrail, a mother and her school-going son were stabbed to death at their homes. In Badda, a driver and his daughter were killed at his bedroom. Earlier, Blue Whale game, developed by a Russian psychology student , swept across the country and led to the suicide of at least couple of minors.

The disturbing thing is in most of the cases family feud caused the murders and victims were children and kids. Dear ones found out to be the perpetrators.

Here I am not elaborating or diagnosing what led others to kill dear ones and the reasons behind weakening of social and family values.

Over the last couple of years Bangladesh witnessed killing and criminal acts perpetrated by non-professionals. In most of the instances these acts occurred for trivial matters.

Weak mind and unable to overcome personal/family issues led to these undesirable consequences.Most of the Bangladeshis did not know how to overcome these issues and how to deal with them. The way they are groomed in schools is flawed. We also lack specialized call centres to help people in distress. Somehow they do not well adapt into settle problems in a diplomatic manner.

During a nervous breakdown or a tense situation that could lead to violence , question of one’s life and death hangs in the balance of how correctly one examines the situation and takes the best decision.

Unfortunately, this ability to read, evaluate and act to a challenging situation is lacked among most of the Bangladeshis.

The flaws lie in our education system. The process does not make a confident, independent and mentally tough citizen. It only churns out herds of dependent, nervous and mentally weak citizens. And those stand out as exceptions largely due to their family guidance and their access to an enlightened society.

Institutions and education system in general play very little role here.

The whole education system domesticates an argumentative man, who in the end turns out to be a man who cannot ask question and who cannot argue. With our materialistic development, this “Arguzilla”(argument or argumentative man killer system) has become predominant. And why not? The Arguzilla keeps alive “Less They Know, More They Obey” environment where bigots love to operate.

The whole education system is there to kill the confident man. It is designed to make a man dependent, not to make an independent problem solver.

Few years ago, I watched a docu on BBC how India and China groom their future citizens. I watched how an Yoga teacher of an Indian middle class English medium school helped a truant and disobedient student to focus on his studies and improve his performance and day-to-day behavior with others in the class with the aid of meditation.

In a Chinese school, a teacher taught one student value of small things. The student did not take care of his stuffs. He made holes into his eraser with crayon. He was forced to wear a worn-out sweater full of holes and paraded through the whole class. His classmates poked him shouting:”How do you feel dirty eraser?” The student was crying and turned red. Though a bit harsh, he had his lessons for life.

Two different but effective methods to groom future citizens.

Outside the educational institutions, there are very few places that help one to bloom. Bangladesh’s tribal political system caps the progress of our social and cultural institutions.
Libraries are rare. And the ones exist lack good books. Even our newsstands are dying. I still remember back in the tenure of BNP-Jamaat, a more conservative govt than the one now we have, newsstands were full of dailies, magazines and books. Both foreign and local, right and left, publications were stacked. I saw how foreign magazines shared spaces with Islamist’s mouthpieces. Now you can hardly find any books on news stands. The number of magazines is also shrinking.

Extracurricular reading broadens one’s horizon of thinking. This kind of person deals with challenges in a different and successful way. This person has his own opinion and views on any given issue.

In today’s Bangladesh, we miss this rational man. Instead, Bangladesh is inundated with “Arguzilla” man.

Unfortunately, in our country, we failed to create an atmosphere where differences in views is treated sportingly, different opinions are appreciated and individual view is taken into consideration. Regressive society cannot meet the challenges of time.

In western democracies, they have the concept of individualism. This individualism embodies the basis on which western democratic principles are based.

Perhaps, for this reason, these societies are more resilient when crisis creeps in. And their economies are replete with success stories of innovation and new ideas.
It is heartbreaking to hear news about school goers took their lives while playing games. A confident and independent problem solver will not embark on such misadventure. It is disgusting to know that family members killed one another for petty issues. A reasonable man who stems from an enlightened society could not court to such thinking.

It is our collective failure to build institutions that will create rational man. We need to put an end to this “Arguzilla”. Because it is easy for wolves to regulate a bunch of herds who forget to use their heads in the face of overwhelming odds.

La Semaine Dernière A Mes Yeux

(27 octobre — 03 novembre)

Selon un reportage, l’armée de la terre mettra en place un oléoduc de 307 km depuis Chittagong à Dacca. Le projet coûtera Tk 23 millards.

Chaque année Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation économisera Tk2,5 milliards quand l’oléoduc entre en vigueur.

Selon un reportage, on peut trouver 1,1 million rickshaws, dont seulement 79000 possèdent permis de conduis, à Dacca. Les succursales du parti en exercice les opèrent et recueillent argents.

Le cortège de voitures de chef d’ opposition a été ciblé deux fois pendant qu’elle allait à Cox’s Bazar pour voir les souffrances des Rohingyas. D’abord , les voitures des journalistes ont subi dégâts. Puis, quand elle retournait à Dacca, des gens inconnus ont mis le feu à deux bus. Police a appréhendé un qq de la succursale du BNP à cet égard.
Selon blog militaire «bdmilitary», Leonardo Helicopters vient de livrer deux exemplaires de AW119KX à l’armée de l’air.

Australie a mis en garde ses ressortissants à Dacca d’ un attentat imminent, selon un reportage de bdnews24.com. Le gouvernement australien s’est dit qu’il possède véritable renseignement sur l’ attentat.
La force élite RAB a arrêté un pilote pour avoir planifié un attentat terroriste. Il avait envie d’ attaquer les résidences des dirigeants du parti en exercice et des ministres. Le terroriste présumé Abdullah, tué par RAB dans une raide, était locataire de la maison de son père.

Dacca est bouleversé par les tueries macabres. A Kakrail, une femme et son fils ont été tués chez eux. A Badda, un conducteur et sa fille ont été tués par des gens inconnus.

The Industrial Incubator

The ghost industrial zone of Tejgaon can aptly be called an incubator of Bangladesh’s industrialization.

If you take a stroll along the alleys of this abandoned industrial zone you will find industrialists of all kinds of political blessings hold a piece of plot here. I am not arguing that all of them pocketed the plot through unfair means, nor do I have intentions to vilify the industrial process of Bangladesh.

Cronyism is a dominant feature of Bangladesh. And the leading conglomerates of Bangladesh are not free of this vice. In a politically influenced business climate, they have well adapted into this reality.

In this zone,you have a specimen of govt owned industries; you have examples of private industries; you will find showrooms of foreign car brands and services centers; you have media houses owned by people bear the stigma of financial market scam; you have universities and private hospitals; you have restaurant owned by former Army officer and anti-corruption head; you have illegal rickshaw garages and illegal truck stand owned by politically blessed quarters; you have factories and office blocks owned by first and second generations of Bangladeshi entrepreneurs; you have abandoned factories as a testament of how an experiment with the economy had horribly gone wrong;you have office complex of professional bodies stands there as an example of court ruling that nobody is above the law.

It is an excursion into how the country’s business community evolved over the course of history.

These industrial blocks will remain there as flawed and success stories of our businesses.

I used to visit the places a lot. First time I went there when I started to contribute to a new daily as a feature writer. A huge slum was there. At that time it was more quiet and less busy than today.

Later when the Hatirjheel renovation project ended, I visited the place a number of times. The slum was gone. I noticed growing presence of showrooms of foreign brands. The roads have a new look. Hospitals, private universities and funky restaurants are the new residents of the neighbourhood.

Whenever I walked past the factory block of Nabisco Bread and Biscuit Factory , a state-run venture, the tempting smell of yeast tickled my nostrils and I could not help buying bread and biscuits. Just across the street, its private competitors offer wide range of bakery items made with extra care using modern baking machinery.

Despite the fact that experiment of socialist economy failed miserably,few brands of that era still retain part of their consumer base.

The permit-economy witnessed the first breed of cronies. With the opening up of economy , the cronies divided along the party lines. No wonder very few stayed in the business when adverse political current was strong.

Given the sobering prognosis for the state of our governance, it is anticipated that the business community may continue to rally behind the major parties in the years to come.

In this entrenched political business climate, what we witness is not a free competition among the groups rather a mammoth hunting by tribes. Fellow tribesmen gathered at a place, aimed at a mammoth and preyed it in a display of team effort. In the end, they all shared the booty. There is no competition. Wait for a chance. Make use the best of it when you have one.Be loyal to tribal line.

Perhaps, some of the industrial plots in Tejgaon met the similar fate of the mammoths.

As long as ventures on these plots are doing well and creating jobs, there is no problem. However if the mammoth hunting becomes a trend, then there will be no such things as “business ethics ” , “corporate social responsibility “, “innovation” and “green business”. Entrepreneurs will be replaced by “hunters and gatherers”.

Moreover, the very spirit of free market may have gone into ashtray with the lack of competition, loss of consumers’ trust, production of mediocre quality goods and services, domination of inefficient production process and submission to savagery of tribal muscle power.

Since awarding of business contracts often reeks of unfair means, the correct course of action– fight or move out– remains blur to true entrepreneurs. So they end with cooperating with the government.

For this reason, we see two-thirds of MPs of our parliament are businessmen.They are driven by the conviction that being close to political class could safeguard their interests.

It is imperative that we separate business from politics. Accommodating stalwarts into business is like shots in the arm. Neither the goal of a competitive business climate nor that of creating opportunities for all can be advanced by pursuing such a narrow and politics driven business policies.

Management board of crony businesses often takes decision that hardly reflects the interests of majority stakeholders. Political and extraneous considerations swayed business decisions that are detrimental to consumers’ interests. State of public and few private banks is an eye opener.

Opening up of our economy is not fully translated into benefits trickling down to all. Free market was introduced to put an end to the”Robber Barrons”. With this strong tide of crony capitalism, we watch their number has grown over the years.

Perhaps, for this reason, the ghost industrial zone of Tejgaon did not pick up the steam in spite of policy overhauls. Rather from government Babus it has fallen into the hands of “hunters-gatherers”.

La Semaine Dernière A Mes Yeux

(20 octobre — 27 octobre)

Un journaliste bangladais reste disparu il y a 15 jours. Il habitait seul à Dacca. Il critiquait des actions de gouvernement dans son compte de Facebook, selon son ancien patron. Son père s’est dit que des gens lui avait demandé l’argent pour laisser le libérer.

Selon un reportage, l’ armée de la terre a appréhendé une équipe de policier pour avoir abdiqué une personne et reçu l’argent. Ministre de l’intérieur a apprécié l’ action de l’ armée.

Selon un reportage , Bangladesh va signer un accord de $554 millions de crédit chinois avec Exim Bank of China. Le crédit sera utilisé pour construire amarrage au port de Chittagong afin de décharger fuel depuis pétrolier.

Selon un reportage de Daily Telegraph de l’Inde, des soldats, dont soldats anciens et soldats actuels, se sont rassemblés à Dacca clandestinement pour discuter “les choses” que le gouvernement trouve “épineuses”. Le porte-parole de l’ armée a cependant nié le reportage dans un communiqué.

Selon un reportage, Police bangladaise a arrêté dirigeant de Rakhine Development Foundation,une ONG qui opère au même temps au Bangladesh et en Birmanie, à l’aéroport de Dacca. Police l’a accusé d’avoir provoqué terrorisme dans le pays. Police a aussi saisi son laptop qui met en mémoire des images de sa femme montrant un fusil. Sa femme, une Birmane, habite à Rakhine State en Birmanie et est ancienne guerrière d’ un groupe séparatiste.

Selon un reportage, un chef de police à Faridpur a été accusé d’ avoir commis corruption. Il possède Tk80 millions dans 19 comptes. Anti Corruption Commission a déjà déposé une plainte contre lui.